COVID-19 Vaccine

On this web page:
When a vaccine can be obtainable
Who will be capable to get vaccinated
How we all know the vaccine is secure
Making a secure and efficient vaccine
Why we want a vaccine
Who can and may’t get the vaccine
Getting vaccinated
Value/insurance coverage
Unintended effects
What the vaccines are product of
What you are able to do now

Data is consistently altering for COVID-19 vaccines. Under is what we at present learn about COVID-19 vaccines.

The primary COVID-19 vaccines are authorized beneath an Emergency Use Authorization (EUA).

An EUA is utilized in public well being emergencies when: A product reveals that it seemingly works, is secure however hasn’t but gone by means of the entire technique of Meals and Drug Administration (FDA) licensure, and no different treatment is out there.

Minnesota won’t require COVID-19 vaccines.

The COVID-19 vaccine has been authorized to be used beneath an Emergency Use Authorization (EUA) by the Meals and Drug Administration (FDA). You may have the suitable to refuse or settle for the COVID-19 vaccine, as acknowledged within the EUA reality sheets: Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 Vaccine EUA Truth Sheet for Recipients and Caregivers and Moderna COVID-19 Vaccine Recipient Truth Sheet | EUA. We strongly encourage you to get the COVID-19 vaccine whether it is obtainable to you. Getting the COVID-19 vaccine will assist defend you and your loved ones, co-workers, residents, sufferers, and neighborhood.

When a vaccine can be obtainable

A number of COVID-19 vaccines are in growth. They’re going by means of completely different research and checks (referred to as medical trials) to verify they’re secure, and that they work, earlier than they’re given to the general public.

There have been two COVID-19 vaccines authorized for emergency use authorization by the Meals and Drug Administration (FDA). The COVID-19 vaccination marketing campaign has begun in Minnesota for our first precedence teams. We have no idea but when the subsequent group of individuals will be capable to get the COVID-19 vaccine in Minnesota. This may depend upon how a lot vaccine the producers are capable of make and ship out, and the way many individuals get vaccinated within the first precedence teams.

Updates can be supplied after we are capable of begin vaccinating extra folks and we’ll present extra data at the moment for the way eligible folks can get vaccinated.

A vaccine for COVID-19 is barely one of many methods to cease the unfold of the illness. As a result of the provision of vaccine can be restricted at first, doing different issues to assist cease the unfold continues to be crucial. Everybody, whether or not you’ve gotten been vaccinated or not, nonetheless must put on a masks, keep not less than 6 ft away from others, wash your palms quite a bit, and keep house in case you are sick.

Who will be capable to get vaccinated

Although now we have two vaccines authorized for emergency use, it’ll nonetheless take time earlier than everybody can get it. We have to vaccinate tons of of hundreds of thousands of individuals in the USA alone, so it will likely be an extended course of to make, distribute, and provides that many doses of vaccine.

The objective for the primary, restricted doses of COVID-19 vaccine is to guard those that are uncovered to COVID-19 every single day due to what they do, who they take care of, or the place they reside. As well as, we’re seeing excessive charges of extreme illness in nursing house residents and different congregate settings the place older adults reside. With this in thoughts, the primary doses of COVID-19 vaccine are being given to folks working in well being care settings and individuals who reside and work in long-term care amenities. They don’t have the choice of remaining house and separating themselves from others. Different teams that may get the early vaccine doses embrace frontline important staff, adults 65 years and older, folks with high-risk medical circumstances, and different important staff.

Who decides who will get vaccinated?

The Facilities for Illness Management and Prevention’s (CDC) Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) makes suggestions on who ought to get the vaccine. MDH has introduced collectively the Minnesota COVID-19 Vaccine Allocation Advisory Group to assist us be certain that we’re pretty and strategically making choices for the way vaccine ought to be distributed. The advisory group is made up of exterior companions who symbolize key populations within the state, resembling native public well being, long-term care, pharmacy companions, numerous communities, and extra. Discover their steerage for prioritizing COVID-19 vaccine at COVID-19 Vaccine Phases and Planning.

Is there a ready listing?

There may be not an inventory Minnesotans have to get on to obtain COVID-19 vaccine. Early on, people who find themselves capable of get vaccine first can be contacted by their employers or the long-term care facility the place they reside. MDH and well being care suppliers won’t ever contact you and ask for private data or bank card data with a purpose to get the COVID-19 vaccine. We are going to present updates when vaccine is out there to extra folks and the way they’ll get it.

How we all know the vaccine is secure

Having a secure and efficient vaccine is the highest precedence. The producers should current the examine information that reveals the vaccine is secure and that it really works earlier than it’s authorized for basic populations. This information is intently reviewed by a number of scientific teams on the Meals and Drug Administration (FDA) and the Facilities for Illness Management and Prevention (CDC). The CDC Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) and different teams have a look at obtainable details about a vaccine and make knowledgeable choices in regards to the dangers and advantages of utilizing it. MDH is dedicated to creating vaccines obtainable that we’re assured are secure and efficient.

Making a secure and efficient vaccine

How COVID-19 Vaccines Are Made (PDF)
This handout explains how the COVID-19 vaccine processes and timelines had been made extra environment friendly in comparison with different vaccine growth.

Approving COVID-19 vaccines

The necessities for COVID-19 vaccine are the identical as all different vaccines. The businesses making the vaccines must share data with particular businesses just like the Meals and Drug Administration (FDA) and the Facilities for Illness Management and Prevention (CDC) that reveals how the vaccine research had been designed, what their course of was, how they obtained their information, and what the outcomes had been.

Well being officers, FDA, vaccine producers, and others have dedicated to solely put out vaccines which might be proven to be secure. The FDA has given steerage to vaccine producers about what data is required to show {that a} vaccine is secure and that the vaccine works. For extra particulars about expectations and commitments, see:

Study extra about how vaccines are constituted of the Kids’s Hospital of Philadelphia at Making Vaccines.

The CDC has extra data on COVID-19 vaccine security at Making certain the Security of COVID-19 Vaccines in the USA.

Who’s within the vaccine research

Pregnant folks and kids

The primary vaccine research are normally executed with teams which might be at highest threat for the illness, or who will get very sick in the event that they get the illness. Then the research are expanded to different teams resembling pregnant folks and people who find themselves immunocompromised (can not simply combat off a illness). For COVID-19 vaccine, research targeted on non-pregnant adults ages 18 years and older at first. Vaccine producers have began increasing to pregnant folks and a few youngsters as they get extra information from the primary a part of their research. If the information reveals that the vaccine is secure and works in youthful age teams and in pregnant folks, FDA will contemplate approving the vaccine for these teams as effectively.

Various and underserved communities

The COVID-19 vaccine medical trials embrace folks from numerous communities. It will be important for these research to have equitably extra folks from racially and ethnically numerous backgrounds. This fashion they’ve sufficient data to be assured that the vaccine is secure and works for these teams. It is particularly essential that COVID-19 vaccine trials embrace folks from numerous communities, as a result of these communities have been severely impacted by the illness and will significantly profit from getting vaccinated.

Why we want a vaccine

Getting vaccinated towards COVID-19 can be probably the greatest methods to guard your self and everybody round you. The extra individuals who get vaccinated towards COVID-19, the higher it’s for everybody. Extra folks vaccinated signifies that there can be much less illness in our communities.

Getting vaccinated towards COVID-19 is likely one of the most essential steps to guard your self and your neighborhood. By stopping the unfold of COVID-19, we are able to hold companies, colleges, and different venues open. Stopping the unfold of COVID-19 will get us nearer to the top of the pandemic.

Is a COVID-19 vaccine needed?

Sure, we want a vaccine.

What about herd immunity?

Herd immunity can also be referred to as herd impact, neighborhood immunity, inhabitants immunity, or social immunity. That is when most individuals in a inhabitants or group are resistant to a illness. Being immune means they can not get the illness as a result of both they obtained a vaccine, or they already had the illness and can’t get it once more, not less than for some time.

When lots of people can not get the illness, it helps to guard different folks within the inhabitants who should not immune and may get the illness. Having herd immunity can cease or gradual the unfold of illness.

  • We have no idea sufficient about COVID-19 to make sure herd immunity is feasible. This can be a new illness, so there has not been sufficient time to totally examine immunity but.
  • We have no idea how lengthy an individual can not get sick once more after they already had been sick with COVID-19 (how lengthy they’re immune).
  • We have no idea if being contaminated earlier than will make the subsequent an infection higher or worse.
  • We have no idea if an individual who was sick earlier than, after which has contact with COVID-19 once more, will be capable to cross the virus to others once more.

We can not let herd immunity occur naturally, at the price of 1000’s of Minnesotans getting very sick and probably dying. Vaccination is a technique to attain herd immunity with out folks getting sick and/or dying. Vaccination lets an individual’s physique develop safety towards a illness with out having to really get sick.

Who can and may’t get the vaccine

At the moment, the obtainable COVID-19 vaccines are supposed for adults; the Pfizer vaccine permits vaccination of individuals 16 years and older and the Moderna vaccine permits vaccination for folks 18 years and older.

There are few causes to that somebody mustn’t get vaccinated. An individual that had a life-threatening response to a earlier dose of COVID-19 vaccine mustn’t obtain any additional doses. Moreover, if an individual has had a life-threatening response to any ingredient within the vaccine, they shouldn’t be vaccinated. Individuals who have had anaphylaxis after taking different medicines, significantly medicines given by injection, could also be vaccinated however ought to be noticed for Half-hour after receiving a COVID-19 vaccine.

Particular populations

It is very important know that for some populations, we don’t have a lot details about security or how effectively the vaccine works, or it hasn’t been studied but. In these circumstances, folks could also be vaccinated however ought to communicate with their well being care supplier in order that they perceive what is understood about their scenario and vaccination.

Who’re these populations?

Pregnant folks. Some research are happening proper now and information could also be obtainable quickly. From the information we do have, there has not been an impact from the vaccine on being pregnant or being pregnant outcomes. There have been vaccine examine volunteers who had been vaccinated after which discovered they had been pregnant. The producer will comply with these people all through the being pregnant and start. Within the meantime, the American Board of Obstetrics and Gynecology has stated that they help pregnant folks getting the COVID-19 vaccine in the event that they meet the ACIP suggestions for getting COVID-19 vaccine. We all know that pregnant persons are at the next threat of extreme illness in comparison with non-pregnant folks. A pregnant one who is a part of a gaggle really useful/prioritized to obtain a COVID-19 vaccine could select to be vaccinated.

People who find themselves breastfeeding. mRNA vaccines should not considered a threat to the breastfeeding toddler. An individual who’s breastfeeding who’s a part of a gaggle really useful to obtain a COVID-19 vaccine (e.g., well being care staff) could select to be vaccinated.

Immunocompromised folks. Immunocompromised means an individual has a weak immune system. Folks with HIV an infection, different immunocompromising circumstances, or who take medicines or therapies that weaken the immune system is perhaps at elevated threat for extreme COVID-19. We at present should not have information on vaccine security and efficacy in these teams. Folks with a weak immune system who need to obtain COVID-19 vaccine ought to be knowledgeable that there’s little details about how efficient or how secure the vaccine is. These folks could not have a robust immune response to the vaccine (they could have much less safety), so they need to proceed to comply with steerage to guard themselves from COVID-19.

Getting vaccinated

Doses of COVID-19 vaccine

Two doses are wanted for the 2 COVID-19 vaccines from Pfizer and Moderna. The time between the doses depends upon the vaccine you might be getting. The Pfizer vaccine (ultra-cold vaccine) have to be given 21 days (3 weeks) aside and the Moderna vaccine (frozen vaccine) have to be given 28 days aside (1 month/4 weeks).

It is vitally essential that somebody will get each vaccine doses, the identical product for every dose, and that the doses are given on the right time aside. The vaccine is barely absolutely efficient with each doses of vaccine. If somebody solely will get one dose, they might not be protected (immune) towards COVID-19. It’s okay should you get the vaccine inside 4 days of the 21 or 28 day mark (relying on which vaccine you get). Whether it is greater than 4 days after the suitable interval, it is best to make sure you get the second dose as quickly as you may.

We strongly suggest that you simply schedule an appointment for you second dose once you get the primary dose. It’s best to obtain a card with the date you had been vaccinated. Write the return date in your second dose on the vaccination card and put a reminder in your cellphone or calendar.


After the second dose, it takes about two weeks in your physique to construct up safety, so it’s about 6 weeks complete from the primary vaccine dose to when try to be absolutely protected. It is very important proceed to put on a masks, keep 6 ft from others, wash your palms, and comply with different public well being suggestions.

Even after these 6 weeks, we all know these vaccines are good at stopping folks from getting sick, however we don’t have sufficient information but to say whether or not somebody who was vaccinated should unfold the illness to others in the event that they get contaminated with COVID-19. That is another excuse why we are able to’t cease sporting masks or social distancing but. After 6 weeks, it is best to proceed to comply with office or colleges steerage, together with steerage associated to sporting private safety gear (PPE), like masks and/or face shields, getting examined for COVID-19, and quarantine and isolation necessities.

At the moment, we have no idea if this can be a vaccine that individuals have to get once more, like needing a tetanus shot each 10 years or getting a flu shot yearly.

Proof of vaccination

COVID-19 vaccine suppliers are required to enter vaccine information into Minnesota’s immunization data system, the Minnesota Immunization Data Connection (MIIC). Additionally, you will be given a card after your vaccination with the date you had been vaccinated. It could be useful to maintain the cardboard helpful in case you might be requested about which vaccine you obtained. We have no idea how or if any documentation of vaccination can be used for participation in social actions, gatherings, journey, and so on.

When you have had COVID-19

It’s best to get vaccinated even you probably have had COVID-19 illness. We aren’t certain how lengthy an individual is protected after they’ve had COVID-19 illness. Some folks have reported a second an infection after 90 days. In case your sickness was confirmed by a PCR take a look at previously 90 days, it’s okay to attend to get vaccinated. With the intention to preserve doses when they’re restricted, you might be requested to attend for the 90-day interval.

Selecting between completely different COVID-19 vaccines

At this level, the information between the 2 vaccines (Pfizer and Moderna) look very comparable. There should not suggestions for sure populations (e.g., older individuals or individuals with immune problems, and so on.) to get one vaccine over the opposite. Folks will seemingly not have an choice to decide on between the 2 vaccines, since they’re so comparable and clinics could not have an choice for which vaccine they get.

Different vaccines

It is strongly recommended that an individual ought to wait 14 days earlier than or after COVID-19 vaccination to obtain a vaccine for different illnesses, like flu vaccine.


You should not have to be a resident of Minnesota to get vaccinated right here.

Value/insurance coverage

COVID-19 vaccine can be supplied to folks without charge. Nonetheless, well being care suppliers will be capable to cost an administration price for giving the vaccine to somebody. Because of this you is perhaps requested in your insurance coverage data once you get the COVID-19 vaccine. You’ll be able to nonetheless get the COVID-19 vaccine should you should not have insurance coverage and/or can not pay the administration price.

Suppliers can get the administration price reimbursed by the affected person’s public or personal insurance coverage firm or, for uninsured sufferers, by the Well being Sources and Providers Administration’s Supplier Reduction Fund at COVID-19 Claims Reimbursement to Well being Care Suppliers and Amenities for Testing, Therapy, and Vaccine Administration for the Uninsured.

Unintended effects

What to anticipate

Your well being care supplier will speak to you about what to anticipate after getting the COVID-19 vaccine.

Some unintended effects are widespread after vaccination. After getting the COVID-19 vaccine, you’ll most likely have a sore arm and also you may need muscle aches, tiredness, headache, or perhaps a fever (fever is much less widespread). These unintended effects normally final one or two days and normally don’t forestall you for going about your day by day actions. They’re a results of your physique responding to the vaccine (it’s additionally okay should you don’t have any unintended effects in any respect).

The COVID-19 vaccine can not offer you COVID-19 illness. Nonetheless, you probably have unintended effects after vaccination which might be just like signs of COVID-19 and people signs proceed or worsen, it’s potential that you could have been uncovered to COVID-19 earlier than getting the vaccine. Name your well being care supplier to find out subsequent steps resembling getting examined.

As a result of a few of these unintended effects are just like COVID-19 signs, folks working within the well being care setting could also be given directions about what to do if signs happen.


CDC has additionally launched a brand new affected person reporting software for COVID-19 vaccine. It’s a smartphone app referred to as v-safe. This app may also help with energetic monitoring for COVID-19 vaccine security after you get the COVID-19 vaccine. Your well being care supplier gives you extra data on v-safe. You’ll be able to study extra at V-safe After Vaccination Well being Checker.

Critical antagonistic occasions

A critical antagonistic occasion is one thing that’s life-threatening.

The research for each the Moderna and Pfizer COVID-19 vaccines regarded for critical antagonistic occasions. Neither vaccine examine discovered a sample of great antagonistic results from the vaccine. Most antagonistic results happen within the six weeks after getting a vaccine, and the COVID-19 vaccine producers needed to watch contributors of the research for eight weeks earlier than they may ask for emergency use authorization of their vaccine. That doesn’t imply {that a} uncommon critical antagonistic occasion received’t occur after we start to vaccinate tons of of 1000’s to hundreds of thousands of individuals.

For the reason that approval of the Pfizer COVID-19 vaccine, there have been reviews of some critical allergic reactions or anaphylaxis (an immune response of the physique that causes somebody to enter shock). Allergic reactions like this are identified to occur after taking medicines or getting vaccinated, however they’re nonetheless very uncommon. CDC and FDA are working to grasp what is perhaps inflicting this. Clinics are ready to reply rapidly to antagonistic reactions. You’ll be requested to attend 15-Half-hour after you’ve gotten been vaccinated in order that clinic employees can observe you, this can seemingly be in a spot that enables for social distancing.


When you have a extreme response, contact your well being care supplier. Suppliers ought to report extreme reactions to the Vaccine Opposed Occasion Reporting System (VAERS). This reporting system helps the CDC and FDA proceed to observe the protection of COVID-19 vaccines.

What the vaccines are product of

The primary two vaccines which might be out should not reside virus vaccines. Because of this they can not offer you COVID-19. After getting the vaccine, you’ll not shed reside virus round your private home or put others in your family vulnerable to COVID-19 illness. The vaccine won’t have an effect on a PCR COVID-19 take a look at.

The primary two vaccines had been made utilizing mRNA know-how. mRNA stands for messenger ribonucleic acid. mRNA will not be capable of alter or modify an individual’s genetic make-up (DNA). Study extra about mRNA vaccines at CDC: Understanding mRNA COVID-19 Vaccines.

These vaccines don’t include a preservative. They don’t include gelatin.

For extra details about substances present in vaccines, take a look at the FDA web site. For particular issues about sure substances, get factual data from Kids’s Hospital of Philadelphia: Vaccine Training Heart or Immunization Motion Coalition: Speaking About Vaccine.

What you are able to do now

We’re glad so many individuals need to get vaccinated and know that ready for vaccine is extraordinarily laborious proper now. The treatment for this pandemic so shut, however we can not get entry to it as quick as we would like, so now we have to take a phased strategy and attempt to focus preliminary doses the place we’ll have the best impression on well being. Vaccine is consistently being made and distributed. Everybody’s alternative to get vaccinated will come; it’ll simply take a while.

You are able to do your half now by persevering with to assist gradual the unfold of COVID-19: Put on a masks, wash your palms typically, keep 6 ft away from different folks, and keep house in case you are sick. Doing all of this stuff will assist hold folks wholesome till a vaccine is extensively obtainable.

You may as well get a flu vaccine. Whereas the flu vaccine doesn’t defend towards COVID-19, it may possibly save lives and stop extra sickness throughout the COVID-19 pandemic. Folks have to do every thing they’ll to remain wholesome and never overwhelm our well being care system this fall and winter. To search out the place you will get a flu vaccine , go to VaccineFinder.



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